This plant can ascend anywhere from 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m) in height. The Spruce / Cara Cormack Ficus elastica, also known as the rubber plant, is an unusual-looking plant from the tropics of Southeast Asia with huge, soft leaves and an exotic name. It has become naturalized in Sri Lanka, the West Indies, and the US State of Florida. Ficus elastica ‘Decora’: This variety grows dark green leaves that are thick and glossy. Botanical Name: Ficus benghalensis Audrey, Other Names: Banyan Tree, Strangler Fig, Audrey. In this video I share with you my care tips for one of my favorite houseplants today. What many people do not know, however, is whether these delectable fruits grow on trees, shrubs, bushes or vines. The leaves of the Ficus Ali plant are long, narrow shaped and are olive green in color. Ficus elastica or rubber ficus tree. Other Names: Weeping Fig, Benjamin Fig, Ficus Tree. Types of Ficus Trees. The Buddha is said to have found enlightenment while meditating under a Ficus tree. Now you know why the fig tree is revered and given so much importance across different religions and cultures across the globe. Special wasps called fig wasps pollinate fig flowers. Although the fig tree is now widely grown globally, for both its delicious fruit as well as a decorative plant, it is still commercially grown mostly in its native areas. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Growing to a height between 1-3 feet, it can make a perfect addition to your home. Although the rubber tree (Ficus elastica) can reach 100 feet tall, it is a popular houseplant with thick, leathery leaves. Leveraging the information above, you will be able to understand which types of trees are best suited for you based on the weather conditions of the place you live. These members of the mulberry family have around 850 different species and grow on all kinds of plants; trees, shrubs, vines, bushes, as epiphytes, and even as hemi-epiphytes. Variegated Types Of Ficus Elastica Varieties There are several varieties of Ficus elastica which are variegated with shades of green and white or creamy yellow. The F. pumila is a drought tolerant species. The Ficus or fig tree has been highly sought after and grown since ancient times. Give the Ficus an even environment with lots of light all year round, but avoid direct sunlight. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. The rubber plant has a large, oval-shaped, dark-glossy green foliage and a tall structure that grows pretty well, vertically upwards to a height of 6-10 feet tall. Nowadays it is hard to find an old-fashioned India rubber tree (Ficus elastica), because it has been replaced by … As an Amazon Associate we earn from qualifying purchases. Ensure it receives bright, indirect light. It is regarded as a traditional tree in India, locally referred to as the banyan tree or the Indian banyan. Weeping fig is an attractive plant with a tree-like structure, slenderly elongated branches, and dark-glossy-green leaves with pointed ends. Avoid changing the location of the plant frequently. When we talk about the width of the plant, Ficus macrophylla trees cover a significant area due to the expansion of their leaves. Burgundy rubber plant is a particularly fun houseplant because … Yellowing and leaf loss can occur with sudden temperature changes. Avoid it’s exposure to sudden temperature variations. Creeping Fig. The growth rate of this beautiful plant is impressive, as it reaches up to a maximum length of 3-4 feet and can be utilized in hanging baskets. Yep, even rubber is a fig tree! These are harder to come by because they're trickier to keep looking great in homes as you can't skimp on the care requirement of bright light. This also helps to create an encouraging habitat for many other animals who then take shelter in the fig trees’ shade in times heat waves and dry spells. Many plant owners either use their fingers to test the dryness of the soil, while others opt for a water meter. 1. They grow outdoors year-round in temperate climates and can reach 80-100’ in nature. Make sure the plant receives bright and indirect sunlight. It grows best in free-drained soils. Characteristics of Ficus Elastica. Wipe the leaves regularly with a cloth to avoid the accumulation of dust. The Rubber Plant is also known as Ficus elastica and Rubber Tree. The trees of this species feature vast and enormous, curving roots that grow above the surface, over the soil and can be easily seen. When grown in favorable habitats, these plants can grow to a significant size and spread to quite an area providing shade for those in need. Jan 27, 2020 - Explore Tammy Finch's board "Ficus Elastica", followed by 2177 people on Pinterest. Other Names: Ficus callescens, Ficus nyanzensis, Ficus rhynchocarpa, Ficus rederi, River’s Gift. Ficus elastica, common name Rubber Tree or Rubber Plant, is really the easiest Ficus to keep and care for, whether in the home or in an office. Ficus trees also hold great importance in Buddhism and Hinduism. Ficus elastica is their botanical name and besides Rubber Plant, they ‘re also called Rubber Tree, Rubber Fig and India Rubber Tree. This type of Ficus tree is actually a cross of different types of Ficus trees that originally came from an Asian tropical forest. Botanical Name: Ficus binnendiijkii ‘Alii.’, Other Names: Amstel King, Ficus Amstel, Saber Ficus, Banana-Leaf Ficus. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. Species of Ficus, such as the sacred fig trees of Pipal, Bodhi, Ficus religiosa, and the banyan fig have long been considered as holy trees. Fiddle Leaf Fig. The leaves of these trees are initially curled up. The Ficus macrophylal, like the F. benghalensis tree, too is a strangler tree. Ficus Ginseng is a popular indoor houseplant native to the tropical regions of Asia and Africa. When we talk about the width of the tree, certain subspecies of this category can spread out over a wide area that at times can reach up to several acres. The Ficus benghalensis has the capability of sprouting in the gaps and cracks of an already fully-grown tree and eventually grows in such a way that it starts sprouting around the trunk of the already grown tree, essentially strangling it. When growing in low light, the leaves can become all green and rather dull in color. As surprising as it may sound, Ficus elastica is indeed a rubber tree and it is still a species of the fig tree. It towers to a height of 6-8 feet indoors and requires less care, as compared to its relatives. This is about repotting Rubber Plants in pots as indoor plants. The F. congesta trees are locally called by names such as the congested fig trees, the Satterthwaite fig, and the red leafed figs. Like another ficus’ it needs simple care. Probably, it is one of the most easygoing types of ficus. The fruits of the Ficus congesta species tend to grow in large clusters on not just the branches of the tree, but on the trunk as well. The ficus species which produce fruit are closely intertwined with history and human cultures. A hybrid coming from an Asian tropical forest tree that grows 130 feet (40 meters) tall, this prize indoor plant boasts large shiny leaves that are sometimes mottled. The Ficus lyrata, or Fiddleleaf Fig, is revered in the groovy design world but we know many find it a challenge to grow. With proper nourishment, African fig can grow up to a tall height of 5-6 feet indoors. The Ficus carica is normally known by its common name, which is the common fig. Ficus elastica 'Burgundy'. Fig trees are popular for their unusual pollination process. This fashionable plant grows up to a height of 5-6 feet indoors in the right nurturing conditions. Its fruit is also used as a dry food staple in places where food is either scarce or difficult to find in the winters. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. More specific named highlights include the compact Ficus Decora, and the dark green almost black leaved Black Prince and Ficus Burgundy. 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Ficus Alii Plant. Rubber plants have thick, deep green leaves, purple or pink stipules and small fruits. The Ficus macrophylla specie is one of the biggest species of the Ficus trees genus. 9 Different Types of Ficus Trees (Plus Essential Facts), 6 Ways to Store Bok Choy so It Lasts Longer, Modern Architectural Home with Panoramic Views of the Silicon Beach in Venice, CA, Ladybugs (The Secret Ingredient to a Pest Free Garden), 11 Herbs to Grow in Water on Your Windowsill, The Dos, Maybes, and Don’ts of Composting, The Bladderwort Carnivorous Plant (How it Keeps Your Backyard Pond Clean), Cortijo Juan Salvador by Marion Regitko Architects. The F. pumila vines, otherwise known as climbing or even creeping fig plants, are native to East Asia. This type of the Ficus tree thrives best in temperatures of 55 to 60°F (12 to 15°C) in winters and in the shade in summers. Trees of the same species are regarded as Ashvattha or the “world’s tree” in Hinduism. How to Care for a Ficus Robusta. The rubber plant (Ficus elastica) comes from the Himalayan regions and performs well in USDA Zones 10 to 12. With your newly acquired knowledge of all the important types of Ficus trees, you can now go shopping for houseplants or even start looking for trees for a plant drive confidently. And if you’re just planning to plant a tree so that you can enjoy its delectable fruit, then you need to know which one’s the best one to go for. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a ... 2. If grown in favorable conditions, these trees can grow over 100 feet tall in length. To show off the contrast of the variegation, plants need to be in plenty of light. To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click here! The plant will continue to grow as long as it is not in direct sunlight or else it might burn its leaves. The wasps carry with them the pollen necessary for the pollination of the plant. Ficus elastica, the rubber fig, rubber bush, rubber tree, rubber plant, or Indian rubber bush, Indian rubber tree, is a species of plant in the fig genus, native to eastern parts of South Asia and southeast Asia. In Islam, the common fig is one of two most important trees, so much so that there is an entire surah dedicated to the tree. Use well-drained soil and container with drainage holes to avoid overwatering. Moreover, the vines here grow to the amazing lengths of 15 feet to 20 feet. Ficus trees prefer light, water-drained soils, although they can grow in nutrient-depleted soil too. It prefers moderate temperatures for development, around 60 to 72°F (15 to 22°C). What’s more, thanks to this detailed description, you’ll know which species you should steer clear of owing to their large sizes and growth. After pollinating, the fruit releases digestive enzymes and digests the wasp, thus developing into the fig. Propagation: F. elastica can be propagated by cuttings or air layers (Brickel and Zuk 1996). Keep the plant near a sunny spot, preferably an east-facing window. Ficus pumila 'Bellus'. Pests. Ficus elastica ‘Doescheri’ Extremely decorative variety with green and cream-white leaves. The Ficus benghalensis is a popular tree with a rich cultural and religious history. Burgundy Rubber Plant. Other Names: Rubber Bush, Rubber Fig and Rubber Plant. The vines of this species often attach themselves to walls and pipes of buildings and can be very difficult to remove. The Ficus elastica is the one Ficus that I have included on my list of best house plants. It belongs to the Moraceae family (Mulberry-like species). A variegated creeping fig, Bellus has a medium growth rate and beautiful white edges around the leaves. Figs are a widely consumed type of fruit, which are well received by both native as well as non-native people. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Its vine can thrive in hot and arid habitats with little or even no water. You have entered an incorrect email address! Another popular choice for home decorating is the beautiful fiddle leaf fig. This ficus variety needs indirect lighting or partial shade positions. The most popular is the decora which has large green oval shaped leaves and the robusta which has larger leaves. This tough plant adapts easily to conditions and once acclimated it can grow to 6 feet tall or taller. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Must learn about 44 Best Cut Flowers you can grow in pots or garden bed! Red Leaf Fig (Ficus congesta) Ficus congesta is a smallish rainforest fig tree. It develops into a small tree with oversized leaves. Climatically speaking, the Middle Eastern and Mediterranean climates are most suitable for these trees. Upon unfurling, they display different shades of red which makes the tree look absolutely stunning. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. This Ficus tree category is considered to be trendy and is often used as an ornamental piece. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. It's not as sensitive as the fiddle leaf fig and can tolerate lower … They tend to shed off their leaves whenever they are moved to another position or in an unfavorable habitat. Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. Weeping Fig. In fact, it can reach as tall as 13 feet (4 meters). The origin of the Ficus is from South-East Asia, you can find this plant mainly in Indonesia. Ficus trees are known for their intensive root structures. Ficus fruit. 44 Best Cut Flowers for Cutting Garden | Types of Cut... Keep the soil moist but avoid overwatering. Native to East Africa, it features large light green leaves with a slender, waxy, and dark foliage. Keep the plant in bright and indirect sunlight. Dispersal: Plants are initially spread by humans who grow the plant for ornament. Native to the tropical regions of Africa, African Fig is a small, pretty plant, with dark green rounded leaves and an attractive, flashy green foliage. The F.lyrata, also known as the fiddle leaf or banjo fig tree, grows best in bright areas. It has dark-green leaves and a ginger-shaped fat trunk with aerial roots, making it an ideal bonsai specimen. To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click here! The Ficus benjamina, or Weeping Fig, drops leaves like it’s fall every day. Rubber Plant. This is the fig that most people find in most houseplant stores. Those leaves can take a mottled shape sometimes. These trees grow up to the height of 10 feet to 50 feet in length, in their native areas. The rubber plant (ficus elastica) is another tree like species with four popular varieties. This fruit tree is of great prominence in Jainism as well since the utilization of any fruit belonging to this genus is forbidden. Popularly known as fig trees, ficus plants become great houseplants. If you see the yellowing of leave s, decrease the amount of water that you are adding. Avoid exposure to bright and direct sunlight, as it can burn the leaves. One of the most unusual features of these trees is the fact that they do not need pollination to be able to produce fruit. Other Names: Indian Laurel, Curtain Fig, Laurel Fig, Strangling Fig, Laurel Rubber. Ficus elastica tends to show clear signs when it is being overwatered. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. While it is not possible to discuss each type at length in this article, we have curated a list of all the common and important types of Ficus trees. The F. carica is very rich in vitamins and minerals, which is why most of the people choose to eat its fruit not fresh but dried. Exotic Angel® Plants. The fruits of this … This article may include references and links to products and services from one or more of our advertisers. PADIGLIONE AGRICOLO BRESSANELLA by a25architetti. 5. Native to Australia and South-east Asian countries, the beautiful plants can grow up to a height of 3-6 feet! Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. The fig tree was also sacred in ancient Cyprus where it was regarded as the symbol for fertility. It’s a handsome indoor plant with a tall structure and origins from India and China. Culturally speaking, the Ficus fruit is a traditional yield of Israel and is named in the list of food that was found in the Promised Land, in accordance with the Torah. These medium to large-sized ornamental plants also help in improving the air quality indoors. Native … This tree can even thrive in very little light and scarce water. What Size of Bean Bag Chair Should I Buy? In its natural habitat, it can grow 50 to 100 feet with an enormous canopy of draping, foot-long oval leaves. Different types of ficus have been popular for as long as people have been keeping houseplants. 3. Like many houseplants, it’s still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. See more ideas about Ficus elastica, Ficus, Planting flowers. Small, immature specimens are often cultivated as houseplants for their attractive … Ficus Elastica has some large shiny leaves. The weeping fig (Ficus … Because of their growth patterns, these trees are categorized as epiphytic trees. In such cases, fig trees absorb the water and help cool the atmosphere of hot places. 1. Ficus benjamina is the most famous out of all the other Ficus tree kinds. These long roots help the tree absorb water, and even draw water from under the ground when required. It also has air-purifying capabilities and helps in balancing the humidity of your space. This species of Ficus is native to Western Asia and the Middle East where these trees grow up to heights of 10 feet to 30 feet. Ficus are getting their moment in the proverbial sun with the current love affair with the Fiddle Leaf Fig. Because of this, these trees are often preferred for plantation in places where shades are needed. The plants and vines of this species are often used in gardening as ornamental plants, by being be trained and coiled around wireframes in order to create topiaries and pieces of horticultural art. This broadleaf evergreen reaches between 50 and 100 feet in both height and width. This species of the genus Ficus, the Ficus pumila, is a fast-growing vine that is mostly woody in nature. It has glossy green leaves of usually dark colors and is sometimes blemished. We may be paid compensation when you click on links to those products and/or services. Ficus Elastica from the Moraceae family goes by many different names depending on the country, but the most commonly used worldwide is rubber fig or rubber tree. Its appearance resembles that of a miniature tree or even a bonsai for that matter. Ficus Elastica Melany Origin. Fiddle Leaf Fig is a great pick when it comes to choosing a perfect indoor plant for your living room or office. The F. benghalensis trees have the tendency to grow to significant heights. It is a delightful indoor houseplant, commonly grown in the Southeast Asian regions. This fruit is of significant importance in the areas where it is cultivated for different reasons both culturally as well as religiously. 4. These wasps crawl inside the fruit through a narrow hole and lose their wings in the process, forcing them to remain inside and eventually die. Ficus elastica ‘Burgundy’: This rubber plant variety grows … Ficus benjamina trees are commonly known as weeping trees because of their shedding leaves. It originates in East India, Nepal, Bhutan, Burma and China. The F.benjamina can grow at a rapid rate when grown in a well light habitat. Native to East Asia, Creeping Ficus is a delightful, indoor house plant with small, lush green leaves with a leathery feel. You might also come across some of the variegated Rubber Plant types. Because these plants like to grow in free-drained soils, they can bear dry spells as well. As discussed earlier, the genus Ficus has around 850 species to its name, which means that the Ficus trees are of a lot of different types. Edible species of Ficus include Ficus auriculata (edible young leaves and female fruit), F. callosa (edible young leaf) and F. oligodon (edible mature female fruit), while Ficus semicordata is used both as edible fruit, but also for its roots, which are used to treat bladder diseases. Botanical Name: Ficus pumila Other Names: Climbing Fig, Fig Ivy and Creeping Ficus. Growing a Cutting Garden? It is also more resistant to cold than the typical species with a minimum temperature -1.1 °C, at which it can be exposed without damaging. They are able to do this by a process called parthenocarpy. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. Figs, otherwise known as Ficus, are an Asian species of flowering plants and are indigenous to parts of Asia and the Middle East. Ficus congesta or the cluster figs trees are trees indigenous to Indonesia and the Philippines. Their branches form roots, which ultimately extend towards the ground and help the tree become independent. Because the pollinator wasp is not yet present, F. elastica seeds are not viable. Bengal Fig is an astounding ornamental indoor plant, featuring olive-shaped leaves with a leathery touch. Other facts about Ficus Elastica It grows as much as 1½ feet (45 cm) in length. The common fig tree has also been cited in the Bible, and it is believed that Adam and Eve covered their bodies with leaves from a Ficus tree. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Wipe the leaves using a soaked towel to keep them moist. Water the plants moderately and avoid overwatering. It can also be found in Sri Lanka, West Indies, Australia and parts of the USA. They’re easy to grow and maintain if they’re grown in the right manner. This plant is mostly used as an ornamental piece. Exposure – abundant indirect light Foliage – evergreen. Fiddle Leaf Fig. AgeratumBotanical Name: Ageratum houstonianumAlso known as... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved, 8 Types of Indoor Ficus Plants | Best Ficus Trees for Home, To know more about growing and taking care of your fiddle leaf fig, click, To know more about growing and caring for rubber plants, click, Preparing your Garden for Spring | Garden Preparation For Spring Planting, 16 Secrets of High Yield Plant Growth | Natural Ingredients For Productive Garden, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas. Rubber tree plant is one common name for Ficus elastica, a species of large tree native to parts of India and Indonesia. In other parts of the world, the tree is also known as the strangler figs owing to their way of growing. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Also, it helps in purifying the air quality of your home. Jesus is also said to have cursed a fig tree for not bearing any fruit. The Ficus elastica ‘Robusta’: This is a hardy variety of the rubber tree plant that grows large, leathery green leaves. Fiddle Leaf Figs or Ficus lyrata: The Fiddle Leaf Fig has become one of the most popular houseplants of all time.This is largely due to the massive dark green leaves. This process allows the Ficus benghalensis trees to spread over and cover a large area. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Most of the popular practices link the Ficus tree back to one of its native lands, Asia. Indigenous to Australia, these trees grow to astonishing heights, at times even over 200 feet in length. The F.elastica can grow as tall as 130 feet (40 meters) and features large, polished leaves that sometimes sport the same blotches as F. banjamina. Ficus elastica NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to form a strategic partnership called N.C. Also, at times, referred to as Ficus ginseng, the F. microcarpa is in fact a twisting aerial root on which leaves grow directly and not really a tree or shrub. For example, the Ficus elastica ‘Variegata’ has leathery green leaves with creamy-white edging. It is native to India and Pakistan and can grow up to a height of 5-8 feet.
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